SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN (6-12)

Category: Medical

Topic: Life Span Development

Level: EMT

Next Unit: Adolescence (13-18)

2 minute read

School-Aged Children (6 - 12)

Vital signs

  • HR: 70 to 110bpm
  • RR: 20 to 30bpm
  • Systolic BP: 80 to 120 mmHg
  • Temperature: 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit

Note this is the age group wherein the vital signs will catch up with the adult counterparts.  

Bodily Functions:

  • Loss of primary teeth and replacement with permanent teeth begins.
  • Brain function also increases in both hemispheres allowing for increases in fine motor control, sensory processing, and cognitive processing (thinking through things).

Psychosocial: school-age children develop a self-concept "identity" and display more numerous and meaningful interactions with adults and other children. At this age, children begin comparing themselves with others, especially peers, resulting in the development of self-esteem.

At this age conflicts between peers become common: this can lead to multiple medically significant outcomes, the identification of child abuse becomes harder as physical altercations between children become commonplace; mental health issues can begin to develop which may lead to depression, anxiety, and suicidality in young children. 

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